THE MAGIC HISTORY OF CHINA VIEW FROM LATIN-AMERICAN EYES

“There is no force that can even shake 
the status of China or stop the people and the nation on their way forward.”
Xi Jinping

The history of China is that of a country, very remote, that in 1949 lived a very poor situation, hit by the Civil War and against the Japanese, and in which the Communist Party assumed power in the hands of Mao Zedong, proclaiming to the world that had “established the Government of the People’s Republic”, without really being sure of the support they had, to become today one of the most powerful nations on the planet.

An example is the contrast when Mao Zedong presided over a parade in which the armed forces could only show 17 aircraft, while this October 1, 160 aircraft flew over Beijing, another example of the nation’s progress.

The sleeping Asian giant took only 70 years to wake up, today it accumulates 16% of global GDP. Globally it is a reference for technology, being a world leader in the field of artificial intelligence, automatic voice recognition and Big Data, among other fields.

China is shown as a developed, innovative, powerful and loyal nation to the Communist Party, being the longest in history after over 69 years of the USSR. However, its enormous growth has come through a decision to become a market economy, which now struggles to be the first worldwide.

Unlike the domestic consumption that prevails in the nation today, the country’s historians still remember a stage, almost a century and a half ago, in which China had little control over its own market.

If the course of the world economy continues to walk at the same pace, it is possible that the Chinese economy surpasses that of the United States in 10 years. China is the first trading partner of 120 countries, has free trade agreements with 21 countries and is in negotiations to expand a dozen more. Xi Jinping has presented himself as the great defender of globalization and the fight against climate change.

China constantly invests abroad. In Latin-America it has already granted more credits than the Inter-American Development Bank. As part of its plan to become a leading country in technology and make this sector one of the main sources of its GDP, it has acquired key firms in strategic areas.

The world has never had so much interest in China or needed it so much. For China, Latin America is important for two reasons: for its natural resources and for the possible market that is being developed in the region for Chinese products.

Its presence abroad is not limited to diplomatic or commercial land. He is the second largest investor in military power and modernizes his army (the largest in the world) by forced marches. China has enough strategic and reliable nuclear power to respond to any type of nuclear blackmail from any country.

This is how the great situation of China is described for the first time, with an arsenal never seen before, showing “the strength to achieve the dream of a country and a strong Army.” Causing to see as possible a close change in the hegemony of the world order.

For the sake of this social stability, Xi Jinping’s China has implemented ambitious citizen control and surveillance programs, aided by artificial intelligence.

China exports the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. Which becomes attractive to governments, accustomed to the western demands of political and economic reforms in exchange for financial aid.

One of the great obstacles facing the country is precisely its rapid aging. The one-child policy makes the demographic dividend run out.

The new era of Xi is therefore in a hurry. Today it can mobilize the population in search of the Chinese dream; Tomorrow could be late.

@GamboaSofia